Nick-Name: “The Peach State.” Georgia- grown peaches are recognized for their superior flavor, texture, appearance and nutritious qualities.
State Motto: “ Wisdom, Justice and Moderation.”
State Food: The Peach.
State Bird: Brown thrasher.
State Flower: Cherokee Rose.
Georgia is the last of 13 British colonies that were established on the Atlantic seaboard. It was founded by James Edward Oglethorpe with only 114 settlers on February 12, 1733, at the present day city of Savannah. As more people came to the colony in Georgia the Spanish started to worry about the rapid increase of the population of the British. Oglethorpe “General And Commander in Chief” had a solution. so on July 7th ,1742 with the forces of South Carolina and Georgia they defeated the Spanish at the “ Battle of Bloody Marsh on St. Simon island”. Removing the threat of the Spanish to Georgia. General Oglethorpe sailed off to England never to return to Georgia.
With the amount of arrivals of colonist along the rivers. The province of Georgia was split into eight provinces in 1758. In 1765 four new perishes were added. In January 1776 Georgia was the year they declared their independence from British rule. An executive council was elected, and the revolutionary state government made Savannah its capital.
Upon the fall of Augusta in 1779, the government was relocated temporarily at head’s fort in Wilkes county, from February 1780- July 1781. The government returned to Augusta in 1782 just to relocate again to Savannah. Only because the British evacuated.
During the war, a lot of Georgians still felt loyal to England. because of that the war was fought not only by the Americans and British forces, but also between citizens who became revolutionaries. Still swearing alliances to the king. The Tories between 1783 and 1785. The Georgia assembly rotated between Savannah and Augusta. Where the governor divided his official residence between the two cities.
In 1783 an act was passed for the capitol to be moved to Augusta because it was closer to the center of the state rather than Savannah.
Georgia had suffered from loss of population and destruction because of the revolution. Settlers were attracted by the available land. Some being lured by an additional land through a series of treaties with the creek and Cherokee nations.
The general assembly held its last meeting in Savannah on February 22nd,1785. Following Augusta becoming the new official capital. With in its first year the legislature was faced with a possible new selection of a capital city further west than Augusta. In efforts to find a suitable location for a new capitol. A legislative commission to build near Augusta. Within the proximity of the Indian trading post of “Galphin’s Old Town”. The new capital was named “Louisville” In honor of King Louis of France as a way of thanking the French the help during the revolutionary war. The first permanent capital was built on Louisville in 1796. The present Great Seal of the state of Georgia was adopted in the assembly in Louisville.
- Georgia was the only one to be governed remotely by a Board of Trustees in London for the first 20 years. It was also the only colony to prohibit slavery from its inception—along with lawyers and Roman Catholics.
- In September of 1906, a race riot broke out in Atlanta after newspaper reports of black men allegedly assaulting white women. Although the attacks were never confirmed, thousands of angry white men gathered downtown, killing dozens of blacks and causing extensive damage to many black-owned businesses. The riot made both national and international headlines and influenced the subsequent statewide passage of prohibition in 1908.
- Georgia was the first of 10 states to vote against ratification of the 19th Amendment, giving women the right to vote. Even after it became federal law on August 26, 1920, Georgia women were prevented from voting until 1922. The state legislature did not officially ratify the amendment until 1970.